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Ordinal Summary Tips and Guidelines

Ordinal Summary Citation Guidelines


We will cite references in the style of the journal Nature. Nature uses superscripts as in-text citations, which allows more room for helpful information in your Ordinal Summaries!

  • Use superscripts for in-text citations. Numbers go in order, starting at 1.
    • The order is nested within the superorder Galloanserae4.
  • References are each numbered and ordered in the order that they appear in the text.


  • Journal articles:

Notice that the journal name is in Italics, and the volume number is in bold. The date, in parentheses, comes last.

  • Hansen, A. J., Garman, S. L., Marks, B. & Urban, D. L. An approach for managing vertebrate diversity across multiple-use landscapes. Applic. 3, 481–496 (1993).
  • Goldstein, P. Z. Functional ecosystems and biodiversity buzzwords. Biol. 13, 247–255 (1999).


  • Books:
    • MacArthur, R. H. & Wilson, E. O. The Theory of Island Biogeography (Princeton, New Jersey, 1967).
    • Gill, F. Ornithology. (W. H. Freeman, 2006).
  • Websites:

References to websites should give authors if known, title of cited page, URL in full, and year of posting in parentheses.

  • Hutchinson, M. F. et al. BioRap Volume 2. Spatial Modelling Tools (‌biorap/tools.html) (The Australian BioRap Consortium, Canberra, 1996).
  • The Tree of Life Web Project. Columbidae. Pigeons and Doves ( (The Tree of Life Web Project, 2016).

Consult previously published Nature articles with specific formatting questions or peculiarities. Nature is available through the UConn library online database.